In electronic components, 'Ethernet' is the most widely used wired local area network (Local Area Network) technology in computer networks. Ethernet is a set of standardized communication protocols that allow computers and network devices to communicate with each other and exchange data.
Ethernet is a technology jointly developed by Xerox, Intel, and DEC (Digital Equipment Corporation) in the 1970s, and initially transmitted data at a speed of 10 Mbps (megabits per second). However, speeds have improved over time and are now capable of transferring data at speeds of 10 gigabits per second (Gbps) or more. In addition, Ethernet technology is being used in a variety of applications as it evolves into wired and wireless forms.
Ethernet works by detecting and avoiding collisions in the network using the CSMA/CD (Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection) protocol. In addition, it follows the standard called IEEE 802.3, and based on it, various Ethernet types and speeds are defined.
Ethernet is currently used to connect computers and network devices in various environments such as offices, homes, data centers, and industrial sites, and is also widely used to access the Internet. Also, with integration with new technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT), more devices are using Ethernet to communicate with each other and exchange data.
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